1. That is, other than universities and colleges.
2. The following portions of the RAND Corporation are FFRDCs: National Defense Research Institute (formerly Defense/Office of the Joint Chiefs of Staff), Project Air Force, and the Arroyo Center.
3. Although the Institute for Defense Analyses Communications and Computing FFRDC has been in existence since 1956, the Department of Defense added it to the Master Government List of FFRDCs for the first time in October 1995.
4. Includes university consortia.
5. In June 1997, Office of the Secretary of Defense became the sponsor of the Software Engineering Institute (SEI). The previous sponsor was Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency. In December 2004, Department of the Army became the sponsor of SEI.
6. The Department of Energy removed Oak Ridge Institute for Science and Education from the Master Government List of FFRDCs on Feb. 22, 1999.
7. On February 1, 2005, the Idaho National Engineering and Environmental Laboratory was renamed the Idaho National Laboratory (INL). Also, INL's administrator, Bechtel BWXT Idaho, LLC, was renamed Battelle Energy Alliance, LLC.
8. On June 1, 2006, Los Alamos National Laboratory acquired a new industrial firm administrator (Los Alamos National Security, LLC).
9. On March 1, 1998 Brookhaven National Laboratory acquired a new nonprofit administrator (Brookhaven Science Associates, Inc.). The previous administrator was a university consortium.
10. In September 1991, the name was changed from Solar Energy Research Institute.
11. On April 1, 2000, Oak Ridge National Laboratory acquired a new nonprofit administrator (UT-Battelle, LLC). The previous administrator was the industrial firm Lockheed Martin Energy Research Corp.
12. In 2000, the name was changed from NCI Frederick Cancer Research and Development Center. It continues to be an FFRDC.
13. On April 26, 2004, the Homeland Security Institute was created.
14. Since February 1984, this center includes three former FFRDCs: Cerro Tololo Inter-American Observatory, Kitt Peak National Observatory and the National Solar Observatory (formerly Sacramento Peak Observatory).
15. On October 1, 1998, the Critical Technologies Institute was renamed the Science and Technology Policy Institute (STPI). As of December 1, 2003, RAND Corp. was replaced by the Institute for Defense Analyses as STPI’s administrator.
16. In October 1998, the Tax Systems Modernization Institute (IIT Research Institute) Lanham, MD, contract expired. TSMI was replaced with Internal Revenue Service (IRS) Federally Funded Research and Development Center administered by the MITRE Corp. in McLean, VA.
18. Jefferson Science Associates is a partnership of the Southeastern Universities Research Association (SURA), a consortium of sixty universities and the Computer Sciences Corporation (CSC). The effective date when SIRA added the CDC as a partner was April 14, 2006.
19. The Department of Homeland Security established this new FFRDC on December 20, 2006.
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